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openresty收集埋点日志

大数据 西门飞冰 460℃

前言

本文主要介绍如果通过openresty+lua实现一个前端埋点服务,实现功能如下:

(1)用户上传数据实现简单的鉴权

(2)允许跨域请求

(3)获取用户上传的body内容和部分header头,拼接成最终完成的埋点信息,发送给Kafka

架构图如下:

maidian

配置

(1)编译安装openresty

wget https://openresty.org/download/openresty-1.19.9.1.tar.gz
tar xf openresty-1.19.9.1.tar.gz 
cd openresty-1.19.9.1/
./configure --prefix=/opt/openresty --with-luajit --without-http_redis2_module --with-http_iconv_module
make && make install

(2)安装lua-resty-kafka

wget https://github.com/doujiang24/lua-resty-kafka/archive/master.zip 
unzip master.zip
cp -rf /opt/lua-resty-kafka-master/lib/resty/kafka/ /opt/openresty/lualib/resty/

(3)编辑nginx 配置文件

cat conf/nginx.conf
user  nginx;
worker_processes  auto;
worker_rlimit_nofile 100000;


#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  102400;
    multi_accept on;
    use epoll;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    resolver 10.20.250.188;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    underscores_in_headers on;

    gzip  on;
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  10.26.1.21;
        root         html;
        lua_need_request_body on;

        access_log /var/log/nginx/message.access.log  main;
        error_log  /var/log/nginx/message.error.log  notice;

            location = /log {
                # 跨域配置
	        add_header Access-Control-Allow-Origin *;
    		add_header Access-Control-Allow-Methods 'GET, POST, OPTIONS';
    		add_header Access-Control-Allow-Headers 'DNT,X-Mx-ReqToken,Keep-Alive,User-Agent,X-Requested-With,If-Modified-Since,Cache-Control,Content-Type,Authorization,sq-bp';
    		if ($request_method = 'OPTIONS') {
        		return 204;
    		}

                client_body_buffer_size 500k;
                client_max_body_size 5m;
                lua_code_cache on;
                charset utf-8;
                default_type 'application/json';
                # 调用的lua脚本
                content_by_lua_file "/opt/openresty/nginx/lua/testMessage_kafka.lua";
            }
        }
}

(4)编辑lua 配置文件

# cat /opt/openresty/nginx/lua/testMessage_kafka.lua 
local producer = require("resty.kafka.producer")

local broker_list = {
    {host = "Kafka 服务器地址-01", port = 9092},
    {host = "Kafka 服务器地址-02", port = 9092},
    {host = "Kafka 服务器地址-03", port = 9092},
}

local sqbp = ngx.req.get_headers()["自定义校验header头"]

if 自定义校验header头 == "自定义校验header值" then
   # 获取客户端的header信息合并到埋点内容中
   local headers=ngx.req.get_headers()
   local ip=headers["X-REAL-IP"] or headers["X_FORWARDED_FOR"] or ngx.var.remote_addr or "0.0.0.0"
   local ua=headers["user-agent"]
   local Origin=headers["Origin"]
   local date=os.date("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S")
   # 获取用户上传的body并和header一起拼接成json
   local log_json = {}
   log_json["body"] = ngx.req.read_body()
   log_json["body_data"] = ngx.req.get_body_data()
   log_json["cip"] = ip
   log_json["user-agent"] = ua
   log_json["origin"] = Origin
   log_json["log_timestamp"] = date

   local bp = producer:new(broker_list, { producer_type = "async",batch_num = 1 })

   local cjson = require("cjson.safe")
   local sendMsg = cjson.encode(log_json)
   local ok, err = bp:send("Kafka 返回值",nil, sendMsg)
   if not ok then
      ngx.log(ngx.ERR, 'kafka send err:', err)
   elseif ok then
      ngx.say("{\"result\": 200,\"message\": \"发送成功\"}")
   else
      ngx.say("{\"result\": 101,\"message\": \"发送失败,服务器异常\"}")
   end

else
  ngx.say("{\"result\": 101,\"message\": \"发送失败,参数错误\"}")
end

启动服务运行

#创建用户
useradd nginx 
 
#设置openresty的所有者nginx
chown -R nginx:nginx /opt/openresty/
 
# 创建日志目录并授权
mkdir /var/log/nginx/
chown -R nginx:nginx /var/log/nginx/

#启动服务
cd /opt/openresty/nginx/sbin
./nginx -c /opt/openresty/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

使用postman 发送post请求进行简单的测试,查看Kafka 能否收到数据,如果Kafka 可以正常收到数据,说明配置一切正常

转载请注明:西门飞冰的博客-专注于Linux运维 » openresty收集埋点日志

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